Dr. Goumenou Marina
Department of Toxicology and Forensic Sciences of the Medical
School at the University of Crete, Greece
NANOTECHNOLOGY IN COSMETICS: HEALTH OR JUST BEAUTY?
Author: Dr. Marina Goumenou
Nanotechnology is the science, engineering, and technology of materials with size within 1 and 100 nanometres. Nanomaterials, due to their size, have different physicochemical and biological behaviour from traditional materials, such as enhanced delivery with intradermal penetration and better product appearance. Nanomaterials are widely used in cosmetics and cosmeceuticals, in products for anti-wrinkling, dehydrated and inelastic skin associated with aging, dispersed hyperpigmentation, sunscreens, nail-care products, lip-care products, and more. However, further than their efficacy, their possible health adverse effects after long-term used need to be studied appropriately.
Several factors are compromising the appropriateness of safety assessment of nanomaterials in cosmetics. In EU the use of animals in the toxicological testing of cosmetics is forbitten though all necessary alternatives are not yet in place. This gap could be theoretically covered from the fact that several nanomaterials are also used in the chemicals’ industry and toxicological studies are available from the animal-testing permissible REACH regulation. However, the results of these studies could be considered questionable, as they are performed using testing protocols not made for nanomaterials. Another compromising factor is that the current regulations pass the responsibility of safety assessment in the cosmetics’ producing companies. As a result, the respective safety data are not publicly available, to support farther the scientific understanding of nanomaterials health effects. Further collaboration between industry, safety authorities, and researchers is necessary to increase our knowledge on nanomaterials safety and to provide safe products to the consumers.
1/5/2013 – up to now Research Coordinator and Advisor, Toxicology &Chemistry, Department of Toxicology and Forensic Sciences of the Medical School at the University of Crete, Greece
1/7/2013 – 31/6/2018 Senior Scientific Officer (AD8), Risk Assessor in Toxicology European Food Safety Authority
1/7/2011 – 30/6/2013 Seconded National Expert (SNE), Researcher in Toxicology European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Systems Toxicology Unit, Ispra, Italy
20/11/2004 – 30/6/2011 Scientific Officer, Analytical Chemistry Hellenic Republic, General Chemical State Laboratory, Athens, Greece.
20/12/2003 – 19/11/2004 Scientific Officer, Analytical Chemistry Hellenic Republic, General Consumer Secretariat, Chemical Laboratories, Athens, Greece.
21/7/1998 – 30/11/2003 Research Associate, Toxicology & Analytical Chemistry Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Toxicological LaboratoryAthens, Greece
Publications and Presentations
43+ publications in peer review papers
8 EC/EU Scientific and Policy Reports
35+ EFSA opinions
100+ GCSL opinions for market conformity
3+ Book chapters
41 Conferences and Workshops Presentations
Lecturing in the BSc and MSc program of Toxicology in the University of Crete in Greece
Invited lecturer and trainer for Regulatory Toxicology and PBPK in PhD student of the Cambridge University, UK
Invited lecturer for Food Safety and Toxicology in EUROTOX courses of basic and advanced Toxicology
5+ years exerience of teaching chemistry, physics and mathematics to high school and university students
Reviewer and Editorial activities
Acknowledged reviewer of the Health and Safety Executive of UK (HSE-UK) proposal “Testing an algorithm for quantitative in vitro to in vivo extrapolation” submitted to European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing (EPAA) and selected for founding.
Quest Editor of the Special Issue of Toxicology Letters entitled “Toxicology for Real-Life Risk Simulation” DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2018.12.003
Reviewer of the peer review journals Food and Chemistry Toxicology (Outstanding reviewer status), Toxicology Reports (Recognized reviewer status), Toxicology Letters, Environmental and Sustainability Indicators, Springer Nature Applied Sciences, and Food Research International.
The Project Management Institute (PMI)
The European Registry Toxicologist (ERT)
The Society of Toxicologic Pathologist (STP)
Member of the Word Academy of Sciences (WAS)
The Hellenic Society of Toxicology (HST, member of EUROTOX)
The Society of Greek Chemists (SGC)
Scholarships and Awards
Elsevier award as Outstanding reviewer for the Journal Food and Chemical Toxicology, April 2018
Elsevier award as Recognised reviewer for the Journal Toxicology Report, July 2019
Award for the best study at the 3th National Conference of Toxicology and Forensics, Crete, Greece, 2002
Scholarships from the Athens Academy for post – graduate studies (1999-2002), Greece