Luca Cătălina MD, PhD
University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Grigore T. Popa” Iasi
Rare opportunistic fungal infections of the oral cavity
Author: Mihaela Cătălina Luca
The prevalence of oral fungal infections other than candidiasis has increased lately, some of the predisposing factors being: immunodepression, HIV/AIDS infection, immunosuppressive therapy, prolonged use of broad spectrum antibiotics and corticosteroids.
Of the rare fungus that can cause human disease in humans are Aspergillus, Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Zygomycetes, Coccidioides and Paracoccidioides, Geotrichus, Sporothrix and Penicillum. Some of these fungi, considered geographically constrained, are currently spreading around the world beyond their natural habitat, probably attributable to globalization and travel. Infections caused by these fungi may either be a primary oral, (uncommon) oral injury, or as an oral manifestation of systemic fungal infections.
Appropriate knowledge, essential in recognizing the various forms of candidal and non-candidal oral infections, which could be markers of immune system damage, is necessary.
For early diagnosis, appropriate treatment and prevention of the spread of oral fungal diseases, it is necessary to recognize the numerous signs and symptoms of presentation.